Cape Cod was known as the graveyard of the Atlantic due to the large number of shipwrecks along the jagged and dangerous coast. During the winter of 1870, a large number of fatalities from shipwrecks occurred along the Atlantic coast. Because of this, the United States Lifesaving Service was formed. The stations were manned by experienced boaters and surfmen. There were nine Life Saving Stations on the Cape and they were spread out every 5 miles. Surfmen walked the beaches with lanterns to look for vessels in distress. The Old Harbor Life-Saving Station saved over 600 lives alone.
The United States Coast Guard took over the operation in the 1930s. The station was decommissioned in 1944, abandoned and sold in 1947. It was used as a private residence for the next twenty-six years. The property returned to Federal ownership in 1973. The National Park Service acquired it as part of the Cape Cod National Seashore.
The Friends of Cape Cod raised $180,000 to refurnish the interior of the Old Harbor Life-Saving Station. Old Harbor is now essentially the only completely furnished, historical life-saving station in the country. Visitors can tour the museum and watch a historical re-enactment of the surfmen at work.
We learned many things today with Ranger Kate and Ranger Lisa. One of those things was the specialty of Phenology. Phenology is the study of periodic events in biological life cycles and how these events are influenced by seasonal and annual variations in climate. They are especially interested in this study because of the implications of Climate Change at Acadia. For example: the extreme dry weather this year caused the leaves to drop a few weeks early. This act impacted the birds looking for nesting places before they flew south. Everything is connected. John Muir once said, " “When one tugs at a single thing in nature, he finds it attached to the rest of the world.”
We learned about the "warbler"- these small colorful birds (and the favorite of Ranger Lisa) love Acadia because of the diverse forests and wetlands. They especially love the many insects they can find. If you listen closely during our virtual field trip, you may hear a few pips and cheeps. We also talked about the white-tailed deer who escape their predators by hiding, running quickly, and moving quietly. Not too quickly though, as we saw several on our drive today. We heard about the tide pools where you can catch a rock, spider, or green crab. You can also find periwinkles, mussels, and sea slugs. We had a unique opportunity to see the peregrine falcon. That was pretty lucky as they can dive as fast as 200 miles per hour as they kill their prey and have a midday snack.
All in all- we learned that many people loved this area so much that they donated the land and fought hard for its protection. They were determined that everyone should see this beautiful place so they worked until it became Acadia National Park in 1929. We hope that you all have an opportunity to visit here in the near future. There are many exciting things awaiting you!
"The rocky ledge runs far into the sea,
And on its outer point, some miles away,
The Lighthouse lifts its massive masonry,
A pillar of fire by night, of cloud by day.
Even at this distance I can see the tides,
Upheaving, break unheard along its base,
A speechless wrath, that rises and subsides
In the white lip and tremor of the face..."
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was said to have penned this famous poem after spending many nights at the Portland Head Light with the keeper. The light station sits on the primary shipping channel into Portland Harbor. It was finished in 1791 and is the oldest lighthouse in the state of Maine. The station still looks the same except for the rebuilding of the whistle house in 1975 which was badly damaged during a storm. The Portland Head Light is 80 feet above the ground and 101 feet above the water. We definitely can see why it was an inspiration for Longfellow and many others.
On Thursday we spent the day with Jennifer Epstein, an educational National Parks Ranger at the National Mall. Jen has been a ranger there since the late 1990s. She is a true historian. She knows so much about the memorials and monuments and she has beautiful, personal stories to tell. One of those stories was told yesterday.
FDR: As you may know, it takes a while for monuments to be built- from conception to completion. There are a lot of politics involved in this process. The 7 1/2 acres of the FDR memorial was not without conflict. There are 4 rooms that make up the FDR memorial- one for each term he served. When it came to the idea for one of his statues- there was some controversy. Would they create the statue of him standing or sitting in a wheelchair? During his presidential residency he made it very clear that he did not want photos taken of him in the wheelchair. It was reported that he thought that would show weakness. So when it came time for the statute to be built- his wishes were brought up again. Many folks voiced their opinions; including the Americans with Disability Act (ADA). It was suggested that the inclusion of the wheelchair would inspire those with mobility challenges. In the end, the statue was created with the wheelchair.
On the day of the dedication, Jen was asked to be the greeter. A young lady got out of her car and asked Jen if her hair looked okay. (Jen says that since she wears a hat all day, her opinion probably wasn't valid but she politely said- you look great) The lady was thrilled and told Jen that she was meeting Al Gore that day because she was his invited guest. Her son was in a wheelchair and she was so happy that they chose to use the wheelchair in the statue. It helped her son SEE those who looked like him. It was a great story and added much to the FDR tour.
MLK: I guess one of the most amazing things about the MLK Memorial is that his legs are not featured in the statue. For a man who spent much of his time walking- you would think we would see his legs. The idea of the missing legs is that his work was not finished. He was only 39 when he died and it's up to us to continue his work. How profound! He was also the first to receive a memorial on the National Mall that was not a president or military statue.
LINCOLN: This memorial is majestic in beauty and scale. When it was being built, the sculptor was working on much of the design at his home in Massachusetts. His first statue was only about 10 feet tall when they brought it to DC. Considering the scale of the memorial, he had to scrap that plan and start again. It ended up being almost twice that tall at 19 feet. Another interesting story about the Lincoln Memorial is that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. stood on those very steps to speak some of the same words that Abraham Lincoln shared in the Gettysburg Address.
Our Virtual Field Trips will talk about the accomplishments of each man and encourage each of you to be inspired to do good!
Well we are on our way! Left out this morning at 9:00 am from North Carolina. Our itinerary is mapped out but we have room for some fun surprises too. Our goal for this trip is to visit some new parks, meet up with rangers at parks that we have previously visited, and add some new adventures for Marvin and Hank. We are most excited for our two newest additions; Cape Cod National Seashore and Delaware First. Our hope is to add a new blog post on each day that we film but if we have some cool things to share, we will add more. For now- our Honda Pilot is packed in serious JENGA style and we are on our way. We are pleased to have Steve's parents on this trip with us. See you in DC!
Visiting the Lincoln Home National Historic Site brought a smile to my face today. The actual home is beautiful. Did you know that the home sits in a neighborhood with other historical homes and the entire block is part of the park? In a normal year, you would see historical reenactors walking around the community sharing stories of the past. Today it was just us and Ranger Jasmine. She shared many stories about how much Lincoln loved his boys. We saw the parlor where they wrestled and played checkers. We saw the kitchen where they ate Mary Todd Lincoln's famous almond cake. We saw the room where their son, Eddie, died. We touched the actual bannister that Lincoln used as he walked up the stairs each night. We saw his original desk where many of the historical papers were written for the debate between Douglas and himself. We learned that his life was filled with transparency and compassion. Lincoln often played with the neighborhood children in his free time. He read all the time and took Willie and Tad to the circus, plays, and concerts. His oldest son, Robert, actually gave the home to the state of Illinois. His only request was that they take care of it and never charge admission. The state and National Parks have honored his request.
If you have a chance, visit there. Learn more about this family that loved and lived together in Springfield, Illinois. They suffered grief and celebrated good times. Lincoln grew up in a modest home, met the love of his life, worked hard, loved his family, and became the President of the United States. His words still inspire us today.
“My Best Friend is a person who will give me a book I have not read.”
― Abraham Lincoln
“Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power.”
― Abraham Lincoln
“My concern is not whether God is on our side; my greatest concern is to be on God's side, for God is always right.”
― Abraham Lincoln
“I'm a success today because I had a friend who believed in me and I didn't have the heart to let him down.”
― Abraham Lincoln
We are excited to introduce you to Marvin the Moose and Hucklebeary Bear! They will be joining our "Expeditions In Education" Team in just a few weeks. They are onboarding right now but will be up to speed with all things relating to the National Parks Expedition Challenge soon. We will tell you a little about each of them and how they will be supporting the non-profit.
Marvin the Moose comes to us from right outside Bozeman, Montana. He was born inside of Yellowstone National Park but his parents moved to Bozeman for the good food and music. He is one of 3 brothers and loves to eat twigs, bark, roots and the shoots of woody plants. He just finished up his internship at "Moose R Us" and is ready to join the team. His experience in the wild will help him as he tells the stories of the National Parks. We know that Moose are solitary animals and move independently but he has agreed to widen his horizons and work with us. He will tell you that although he has been domesticated and is very friendly, that is not true of other Moose. Leave them alone when you see them. Enjoy them from a distance because the males have wide antlers that can measure up to 2 meters in width, from tip to tip. Welcome Marvin!!
HuckleBeary Bear comes from the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. His mother and father were killed a year ago and Hucklebeary has no other family to take care of him. He is about 5 feet long from nose to tail. He likes to eat herbs, grasses, honey, nuts, fruit, berries and seeds. He also eats fish, small mammals, insects, dead animals and garbage. Huck (as he likes to be called) comes from a long line of nappers. He likes to take several naps a day. He is considered to be a highly efficient hibernator. He can sleep for months without eating, drinking, or pooping. We think he will make a great addition to our team also.
Their job will be to tell stories as they see them happening in the parks. We are thrilled that they are willing to join us. They will start out writing for our blog but if everything works out with their managers, we hope to have a book in the works, soon. We all have a lot of learning to do as we become friends. Stay tuned for The Adventures of Marvin and Huck.
It's Fall Ya'll! Taking a nice walk in the evening with the cool crisp air is one of my favorite things to do. I love seeing the beautiful color on the trees and the nature that has fallen on the ground. Recently my friend, Laura, from Alaska shared a post about creating Acorn People and it intrigued me. What if we used those acorns to tell stories? So this weekend, I am collecting as many acorns, caps, pinecones, and sticks as I can find to create my own National Park Stories. I will use these natural resources to design little vignettes for each National Park. I will photograph it and then share it with students so they can write stories about it.
You can do this too! Think about having your students collect the resources and create their family. They can choose their favorite scene from a book and retell the story with acorns. They can recreate events from history using what they find on the ground. How about reimagining Fairy Tales with acorn people?
Share your designs on Social Media @dacia92 and #ExpeditionsInEducation
We all need a little good news because things have been quite nutty lately.
Well- I have to go....nature is calling. (Wait! Not exactly what I meant!)
I have always wanted to visit the Flight 93 National Memorial. I knew that it would be sad but I wanted to pay my respects to the place where 40 heroes gave their life to save thousands. I also knew that we wanted this to be part of our National Parks Expedition Challenge. We didn't plan on this experience being so poignant. Ranger Gregory compassionately told the story of those heroes and shared that we all need to do better. We have to live our lives as though there is no tomorrow and do everything we can to help others. We hope that you take time to watch the interview. We did not include a typical STEM Challenge for this National Park but we do encourage you to love others. (Video can be found on National Parks Expedition Challenge Tab)